Apple Cider Vinegar And Its Benefits

Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple Cider Vinegar and its benefits...


Commonly referred to as ACV, this product is made from fermented apples, and contains a variety of acids including acetic (which in understood to have antiseptic properties), lactic, citric and malic acids, all of which play their part in making this an all round boost for good health and digestion.

The use of ACV can actually be traced all the way back to Hippocrates in 400BC! There is not much by way of scientific reporting on its benefits but numerous anecdotal reports mention its great benefits.

It is known to provide a healthier skin and coat, lessen the occurrence of allergies and improve gastrointestinal health and therefore digestion. If feeding ACV, one should always dilute 50/50 with water.

ACV has proven useful in treating dogs with ongoing UTI problems, bladder stones, and poor digestion, it helps to re-balance the bodies pH balance and to break down fats, proteins and carbs. It is also an effective cleaner and disinfectant.

To use topically, again, dilute 50/50 with water and use as a wash, bath or spray.

Dogs who have problematic ears, itching and recurring infections can be safely treated with ACV (as long as there are no open wounds or sores present, as this would most certainly sting).

Dilute 50/50 with water, soak a cotton pad in the mixture, wring it out well, and use the damp pad to clean out the inside of the ear, use a fresh pad for each ear.  ACV helps as it will dry out the ear and will combat yeast growth.

An itchy dog can greatly benefit from an ACV bath, well diluted in warm water, again ensuring your dog has no open wounds or sores, the acidity helps to restore pH balance in the skin and the acids provide anti-septic and anti-bacterial properties to soothe irritation and inflammation. We would suggest spot testing on your dogs skin prior to using this method.

A 50/50 ACV and water mix can also be used in a spray bottle, and used as a leave in treatment after shampooing your dog as a natural insect repellent!

Another wonderful use for ACV is in the making of Bone Broth. Bone Broth is a true super food, it is great for elderly dogs who may not eat as well as you would wish, dogs that are recuperating from illness or injury, and works wonders for dogs that have struggled with ongoing problems that develop due to leaky gut syndrome, such as allergies and poor digestion, as well as being a fabulous natural joint aid!

Always ensure you purchase a natural ACV that is organic and with ‘the mother’ for best results.

Can I Raw Feed My Cat?

can i raw feed my cat

Can I raw feed my cat?

The simple answer is yes! 

However, cats are a very different thing to dogs and can be a lot harder to persuade that raw is a good idea.  Outdoor, bird chasing, semi feral types of cat will be simple, and are probably raw feeding themselves when they are out on the prowl, indoor cats who have been raised on kibble can be trickier and most definitely more stubborn than the average dog when it comes to changing their food and feeding routine.

The first type of cat mentioned can be easily transitioned onto a raw diet.

First, stop free feeding/grazing and get your cat used to set meal times, so you put out their kibble 3 or 4 times a day for 15/20 minutes at a time.

can i raw feed my cat

Once your cat has become accustomed to eating at set times introduce the raw food.

Start with a single protein, around 10% bone, Rabbit, Quail or Chicken are good starters.  After 5 or 6 days, introduce a red meat, again around 10% bone.  Begin by adding a little of the new meat to the original food, progressively increasing the % of the new meat included each day.

can i raw feed my cat

After 10/11 days , you can introduce your first offal meat, not liver yet, something like kidney is ideal.

This should be in tiny amounts, around 2-3g maximum, it needs to be around 5% of what your cat is eating.

Your meals should be 85% meat, 10% bone and 5% offal.

The next step, after around 2 weeks of the new diet, is to introduce liver.

Again, a tiny amount of 2-3g, no more than 5% of the overall diet.  Your meals will now comprise of 80% meat, 10% bone, 5% liver, 5% other offal (kidney, pancreas etc)

You can now look at adding some fish to your cats diet, small oily fish like sprats are perfect, keep the fish content to around 10% of the overall diet.

With the pickier cats, who are not impressed by your loving efforts to improve their diet, a slightly longer winded approach is often needed.

  • Again, start by ceasing free feeding/grazing. 
  • Food should be only available at set meal times.
  • If the cat is purely kibble fed, start adding wet food to the kibble.

Start with 25% wet and gradually increase the % of wet to kibble until the cat is eating 100% wet food, at set meal times only.  Now you can begin introducing a small portion of raw meat (rabbit or chicken perhaps) to the wet food.  Start with a maximum of 10% raw to 90% wet food, increasing the % of raw slowly but surely until the diet is 100% raw. At this point, follow the transition steps outlined above.

Once the cat is transitioned, and happily eating raw, you can address the balance of the meals.

Firstly, is the cat getting enough Taurine?

Cats needed a little more than dogs, so most of our cat owning raw feeders cover this by adding some chicken turkey or duck heart to the diet, 2 or 3 a day is sufficient.

Dark turkey meat is also a great source of Taurine.

The average adult cat would be eating around 3% of its bodyweight per day, however your eyes and your hands will tell you if your cat is eating sufficient quantities of food.




can i raw feed my cat

Your common sense will take you a long way so don’t get too hung up on percentages when it comes to quantity to feed.


can i raw feed my cat

Kittens need a greater percentage of their bodyweight than adult cats, up to 4 months they need 10-13% of their weight per day, up to 8 months, 6-10%, up to 12 months, 3-6%, over 12 months feed as an adult.  Certain breeds of cat do need a little more even in adulthood, the Sphynx cats and other hairless breeds have higher calorific requirements as their bodies are constantly using energy to keep warm.  These cats can need up to 6% of their bodyweight per day to maintain their ideal weight.

With the larger breeds, like Maine Coons, Norwegian Forest Cats, Ragdolls etc these usually take a little longer to reach their full size, so will need to stay on kitten rations a little longer than their smaller cousins.

Processed cat foods were not created until 1958, and that was tinned wet food, kibble for cats appeared in the late 70s, produced by the same manufacturer that created the first tinned cat food.

Cats are obligate carnivores, this means they really do not need anything other than meat, no carbs are needed as the nutrients they require are not found in carbs and their bodies do not possess the physiology to digest plant matter.

Giant Breeds & How They Eat

giant breeds

Giant breeds, and how they eat!


Experience with customers who own Great Danes
(including Primal Raw owner Lucy Reeves!),
Irish Wolfhounds, Mastiffs and other Giants, has taught us that big dogs do eat a little
differently than their small to medium sized canine cousins!

giant breeds

Quite often, these big dogs are not great fans of mince, particularly very finely processed mince.  Their bigger mouths, often loose jowls, and larger teeth cope better with a larger
gauged, chunky type of mince.

You can try mixing finer minces in with some of the more dry chunky minces as this creates a lovely consistency.

They also really enjoy chunks!

Tripe Chunks, Beef Chunks, Chunked Chicken Breast or Thighs are great! Turkey Wings, and Necks are also very successful for the big boys and girls, as well as Carcasses, Duck Carcasses being a good option as they are larger and often meatier than a Chicken Carcass.

But, ALWAYS supervise any dog that is eating whole bones of any description. If you are worried about choking, you can hold one end of the bone with pliers the first few occasions until you are satisfied your dog will chew/crunch sufficiently before swallowing.

When it comes to adding Offal to this type of diet, you may have to experiment a little to find what works for your dog.

Some dogs will happily eat chunks of Liver, Kidney, Spleen, Pancreas etc, some dogs don’t appreciate the texture of Offal chunks and need it to be more finely diced and spread throughout their meals.

It is quite common for them to completely refuse Offal, chopped or diced. In the case of refusal you can look at blending it, or purchasing offal mince.

giant breeds

Companies such as Paleo Ridge, and The Dogs Butcher produce pre-prepared balanced Offal mixes that you can stir in with your chunks and bones, or even defrost, refreeze into ice cube trays and feed as treats!!

There is always a way of getting that 10% Offal into your dog somehow!


The final consideration with Giant dogs and feeding is % of bodyweight to feed.  Now we know that the basic guidelines for a healthy adult dog are 2-3% of their bodyweight per day.  We go low with older or neutered animals, and high with younger, entire animals.  With Giant breeds, once fully grown, we find the most successful method is to feed according to appetite, and some do prefer to eat only once a day with a snack at breakfast or lunchtime.  The largest breeds very often simply cannot manage to eat 2.5-3% of their bodyweight.  If your Giant breed dog is only managing 1.5%- 2%, and they are happy, healthy and shiny then they are eating what they need!

Their appetite may vary according to activity and weather and they will surely let you know if they are hungry!


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